Saturday, February 23, 2013

A "secular" jihad

Some excerpts from Jinnah's speeches:

"The Muslims demand Pakistan, where they could live according to their own code of life, their own cultural growth, traditions and Islamic Laws."
Speech at the Frontier Muslim League Conference, Peshawar, November 20, 1945.

He hoped that those who had not been given the League's ticket would faithfully work for the League's success. "If you betray a hundred million Muslims, you will not survive to become a Premier or Minister yourself"
Speech at a Public Meeting, Peshawar, November 21, 1945
Reported in The Eastern Times, November 22, 1945

"Shake off your differences and stand united against the Congress which the enemy of Mussalmans".
Speech at Public Meeting, Mardan, November 24, 1945.
Reported in The Eastern Times, November 27, 1945.

"The Musalmans of India should remember that in case they fail to get Pakistan they shall perish."
Speech at a public meeting held to celebrate the victory of
Muslim League in the Central Assembly elections, Delhi, Jan 11, 1946
The Dawn, Jan 12, 1946.

"We are determined to get Pakistan either by agreement or by force."
Speech at a public meeting, Lahore, Jan 13, 1946
reported in The Eastern Times, Jan 15, 1946.

"You can send your money in annas and rupees, by cheques, drafts, and registered post parcels. But it must be sent to me direct. I am responsible for the control and accounting of funds before the Muslim Nation. Our accounts are open to any bona fide Muslim (Laughter). I am glad you realise the meanings of bona fide."
Address to the Muslim students of local colleges, Lahore, Jan 17, 1946
{Note: this speech is against the Unionists, which was a Muslim-Hindu-Sikh coalition. Clearly Jinnah meant that Unionist Muslims were not bona fide Muslims.}

"If we do not succeed in our struggle for Pakistan, the very trace of Muslims and Islam will be obliterated from the face of India," he added.
Speech at a Ladies Meeting, Lahore, Jan 17, 1946.

“Let us go back to our Holy Book, the Quran. Let us revert to the Hadis and the great traditions of Islam which have everything in them for our guidance, if we correctly interpret them and follow our great Holy Book, The Quran”
Speech at a large meeting of ladies, Shillong, March 4, 1946.

"I say to you, Punjab has taken pride as the swordarm of India and you played your part heroically on different battlefields which is recognized by the world. Let now your swordarm play a more magnificent role in the achievement of Pakistan".
Address to the League Members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly
Lahore, March 20, 1946

What was going on as Jinnah spoke these words?

Ian Talbot writes in ‘Khizr Tiwana, the Punjab Unionist Party and the Partition of India’ :
The Punjab had been a powder keg for many months. It is nevertheless significant, that within less than a week of Khizr’s resignation, communal violence had reached alarming proportions and the Congress had demanded the partition of the province. For the first time, violence spread from the cities to the countryside and took on the sinister undertones of ‘ethnic cleansing’. Whole villages in the Jhelum, Attock and Rawalpindi districts were put to the sword. About 40,000 people, mainly Sikhs had taken refuge in hurriedly established camps. The outrage which many Sikh leaders felt at these assaults which were orchestrated by Muslim National Guards and ex-servicemen[Jenkins to Wavell, 17 March 1947] and condoned by Muslim League politicians[Jenkins to Mountbatten, 30 April 1947] fed a desire for revenge which bred a civil war mentality. 
The March violence destroyed any lingering hopes that the Punjab might escape partition… The violence also destroyed the British system of control in the countryside centred around such loyalist political families as the Tiwanas. The collapse of Unionist influence created political and administrative chaos..”
Jinnah, I suppose, was waging a secular jihad.

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